Chronology of Feminist Movements in Turkey

A Chronology of Feminist Movements during the Ottoman Empire and Republic of Turkey

Ottoman Empire

Tanzimat-Reforms 1839-1876
● Introduction of the right to marry by a civil court
● Inheritance for daughters
● First steps to create formal education for women

1869 First women’s magazine published: Terakki-i Muhadderat

1908 First women’s organization founded by Fatma Aliye: Ottoman Welfare Organization of Women

1914 Admission of women to university

                                                                                                                                                                   

Turkish Republic

1923 Foundation of the People’s Party of the Women. Later banned by the government

1926 Introduction of the Swiss Civil Code

1934 Women get the full citizenship, including the active and passive right to vote

1935 Female Deputies allowed in the Grand National Assembly

1975 Foundation of the communist Women’s Union for Progress

1980 First foundations of the “Awareness-raising Groups“

1984 Beginning of the “Headscarf Debate” in Turkey

1987 First legal feminist street protest against domestic violence. Duygu Asena publishes her bestseller Kadının Adı Yok (engl. The  Women without name)

1988 First feminist congress in Ankara

1990 Foundation of first women’s shelter Mor Çatı in Istanbul. First women’s studies program at a university of Istanbul

1991 Foundation of the ministry for women’s issues by the social democratic government

1995 First publishing of the feminist magazine Pazartesi

1996 First publishing of the first Kurdish women’s magazine Roza. Foundation of Feminist Women Society (FKÇ)

1997 Foundation of KA-MER to support women rights in particular 23 provinces of Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia. Foundation of the association KA.DER to support women in the political system

2000 Foundation of the feminist theater project Tiyatro Boyalı Kuş

2001 Foundation of the feminist collective Amargi

2002 Reform of the Turkish criminal and civil rights code: Treatment of women and men in marriage, divorce and property rights equalized

2003 Foundation of the Filmmor Women’s Cooperative. Foundation of Istanbul Women Platform for Peace

2006 First publishing of the feminist magazine Amargi

2007 Foundation of the Women’s Platform of Constitution. Public Sphere Meeting organized by AKDER (Ayrımcılığa Karşı Hakları Derneğ; Women Rights Association against Discrimination). Foundation of KADAV (Kadınlarla Dayanışma Vakfı; Women’s Solidarity Foundation). Foundation of the Women’s Labour and Employment Initiative / KEIG

2008 Foundation of Women’s Platform against Sexual Violence. Foundation of Socialist Feminist Collective (SFK)

2009 Foundation of the Women for Peace Initiative

References:
• Amargi Yayınları: Özgürlüğü Ararken. Istanbul 2005.
• Ayşe Gül Altınay; Yeşim Arat: Türkiye’de kadına yönelik şiddet. Istanbul 2007.
• FilmMor: Kadınlara yönelik şiddete. Istanbul 2007.
• FilmMor: Mor Gün Dem. 2007’de Kadınların Gündemi. Istanbul 2008.
• Kadın Eserleri Kütüphanesi ve Bilgi Merkezi Vakfı: Osmanlıdan Cumhuriyete Kadın Derileri. Ajanda 2010.
• Kadın Eserleri Kütüphanesi ve Bilgi Merkezi Vakfı: Cumhuiyet Dönemi Kadın Dergileri. Ajanda 2011.

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