A Chronology of Feminist Movements during the Ottoman Empire and Republic of Turkey
● Introduction of the right to marry by a civil court
● Inheritance for daughters
● First steps to create formal education for women
1869 First women’s magazine published: Terakki-i Muhadderat
1908 First women’s organization founded by Fatma Aliye: Ottoman Welfare Organization of Women
1914 Admission of women to university
1923 Foundation of the People’s Party of the Women. Later banned by the government
1926 Introduction of the Swiss Civil Code
1934 Women get the full citizenship, including the active and passive right to vote
1935 Female Deputies allowed in the Grand National Assembly
1975 Foundation of the communist Women’s Union for Progress
1980 First foundations of the “Awareness-raising Groups“
1984 Beginning of the “Headscarf Debate” in Turkey
1987 First legal feminist street protest against domestic violence. Duygu Asena publishes her bestseller Kadının Adı Yok (engl. The Women without name)
1988 First feminist congress in Ankara
1990 Foundation of first women’s shelter Mor Çatı in Istanbul. First women’s studies program at a university of Istanbul
1991 Foundation of the ministry for women’s issues by the social democratic government
1995 First publishing of the feminist magazine Pazartesi
1996 First publishing of the first Kurdish women’s magazine Roza. Foundation of Feminist Women Society (FKÇ)
1997 Foundation of KA-MER to support women rights in particular 23 provinces of Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia. Foundation of the association KA.DER to support women in the political system
2000 Foundation of the feminist theater project Tiyatro Boyalı Kuş
2001 Foundation of the feminist collective Amargi
2002 Reform of the Turkish criminal and civil rights code: Treatment of women and men in marriage, divorce and property rights equalized
2003 Foundation of the Filmmor Women’s Cooperative. Foundation of Istanbul Women Platform for Peace
2006 First publishing of the feminist magazine Amargi
2007 Foundation of the Women’s Platform of Constitution. Public Sphere Meeting organized by AKDER (Ayrımcılığa Karşı Hakları Derneğ; Women Rights Association against Discrimination). Foundation of KADAV (Kadınlarla Dayanışma Vakfı; Women’s Solidarity Foundation). Foundation of the Women’s Labour and Employment Initiative / KEIG
2008 Foundation of Women’s Platform against Sexual Violence. Foundation of Socialist Feminist Collective (SFK)
2009 Foundation of the Women for Peace Initiative
• Amargi Yayınları: Özgürlüğü Ararken. Istanbul 2005.
• Ayşe Gül Altınay; Yeşim Arat: Türkiye’de kadına yönelik şiddet. Istanbul 2007.
• FilmMor: Kadınlara yönelik şiddete. Istanbul 2007.
• FilmMor: Mor Gün Dem. 2007’de Kadınların Gündemi. Istanbul 2008.
• Kadın Eserleri Kütüphanesi ve Bilgi Merkezi Vakfı: Osmanlıdan Cumhuriyete Kadın Derileri. Ajanda 2010.
• Kadın Eserleri Kütüphanesi ve Bilgi Merkezi Vakfı: Cumhuiyet Dönemi Kadın Dergileri. Ajanda 2011.